What is Epilepsy?
This condition affects the nervous system and can affect people of all ages. A child with epilepsy is at risk of premature death 11 times more often than someone who does not have epilepsy.
The risk increases with other health conditions, such as depression or bipolar disorder. According to the CDC, more than 15% of people die from an epileptic seizure. Most of these deaths are attributed to accidents, suicide, or assault. However, the risk for early death is not as high as some people believe. Alcohol use is a modifiable risk factor, and treatment of seizures is possible.
There are many symptoms of epilepsy. If you are experiencing seizures more than once per week, you may have epilepsy. A seizure does not mean you have epilepsy.
The seizures do not always last long and are not caused by any known medical conditions. In some cases, a seizure may stop once it starts, but in most cases, the person who has epilepsy will continue to have them without clear reason.
It is important to see a doctor if you have any symptoms. Typically, you do not need to call 911 unless you are hurt or have breathing problems. But if you experience a seizure that lasts longer than five minutes or if you have diabetes, it is best to call 999.
You should also make sure you keep track of how long the seizure is, and note the duration. In the worst case scenario, you should contact a hospital immediately.
What Are The Different Types of Epilepsy?
Despite the widespread use of the term, seizure classification is a complicated process. Scientists and professionals often classify seizures based on the duration, number, severity, and location.
In order to treat each type of epilepsy properly, it’s essential to know the difference between each type. Here’s a look at some of the most common kinds of seizures. Read on to learn more about these different seizure types.
Focal seizures involve only one part of the brain. They can cause loss of awareness or impairment of consciousness. People who suffer from these types of seizures may experience changes in sensation, emotions, and decision-making processes.
They may also exhibit bicycling movements of their extremities, as well as a sudden sensation of tingling or burning. They may lose awareness and perform repetitive movements. Symptoms of this type of seizure usually last less than two minutes.
Generalized and focal epilepsy are the two most common types of epilepsy which occur together or separately, these types are the most common.
The main difference between these types is their frequency and duration. In the former case, seizures occur more often and in some locations than in the latter. These types of seizures are called generalized and progressive, respectively. They can also be characterized by a particular type of activity.
What are the symptoms of Epilepsy?
People who suffer from epilepsy may have a variety of strange symptoms and feelings. They may have difficulty with their balance and consciousness, as well as losing awareness.
The different types of seizures can cause a number of symptoms, including sudden loss of consciousness, abnormal behaviour, and even death. However, epilepsy is not contagious and should not be treated as such. Instead, it is important to get medical help if you suspect that you are suffering from this disorder.
First, you should know that epilepsy is not contagious. This condition tends to run in families, but that doesn’t mean that your child will have it.
If you have a parent who has epilepsy, it is important to go to a neurologist for a complete exam. It’s also important to let your doctor know if you’ve ever had a seizure. If you have experienced seizures, a neurologist can check you for epilepsy.
If you think you might have epilepsy, you should talk to your doctor. Your physician will need to run a series of tests to confirm the diagnosis. A medical history will be taken to determine the cause of your epilepsy.
A neurological examination will examine your mental and motor abilities. You’ll also have blood tests done to make sure that you don’t have another illness that causes seizures. This is the best way to find the right treatment.
What is the current medication for epilepsy?
There are many types of medications used to treat epilepsy, but the most common ones are generalized tonic-clonic and partial-onset seizures. These drugs are known to be effective in controlling seizures and are used to control some forms of seizure.
The latter is the most common type of epilepsy and is the most dangerous. A generalized tonic-clonic seizure causes jerking and muscle stiffness and can be as severe as grand mal seizures. Other types of seizures can occur with absence or myoclonic and are treated with a medicine called topiramate, which is taken orally.
Other types of medications are used to treat epilepsy. These include zonisamide, a biotransformation drug, and brivaracetam, which is a drug taken by mouth to control seizures. Benzodiazepines are used in rare cases to stop a seizure, but they can also be used to stop seizures. It is important to talk to a doctor before taking any new medications.
The decision to begin treatment is based on the risks and benefits of each of these medications. The pros and cons of each type should be weighed carefully. If your first seizure has been more than a few months ago, it is common to start medication. However, if you have had more than one seizure within 12 months, you will probably need to take a different medication to prevent future seizures.
How does the NHS treat epilepsy?
There are two main types of treatment for epilepsy on the NHS. Primary care covers your local GP and pharmacy. This is usually where you go to seek medical advice. Secondary care covers specialised hospitals and clinics, which you can only access through a referral from your GP. These facilities offer specialist services and specialist medicines. They are not covered by the NHS. In the UK, people with epilepsy can get treatment for epilepsy from the NHS.
A specialist epilepsy centre may be needed if your epilepsy is poorly controlled. Your doctor will then decide if surgery is necessary and what the expected outcome of this treatment is. A surgical procedure to remove the affected part of the brain is usually carried out under general anaesthetic. The surgeon makes a small cut in your scalp and an opening in your skull. The surgeon then closes the skull openings. The process takes about four hours and the patient is left completely unconscious.
There are several treatments for epilepsy. Most of these involve taking medication that can control seizures. This includes medicine, which is the main way to treat epilepsy. There are many types of medicines that are recommended by NICE. In Wales, the NHS follows NICE recommendations. If you are not satisfied with your current treatment, you can request a different medicine. For your next appointment, make sure to bring a list of medicines and your medical history.
Are there any complimentary medications for epilepsy?
There are many complementary therapies available for epilepsy that can improve a person’s condition indirectly. Depending on which treatment you choose, it may help you reduce seizures or lessen your stress level.
On the other hand, it may cause more seizures. It’s best to speak to a qualified therapist who is familiar with your symptoms and medical history. Be sure to tell them about your seizures, other conditions, and medications you’re taking.
While you can find various types of complementary medicines to treat epilepsy, you should always consult with your doctor before using any type of alternative medicine. Although some of these treatments can be effective, there is currently no scientific evidence to prove whether or not they work.
You should only use them as an addition to your regular epilepsy treatment. You can find more information on complementary therapies on the next page. To make sure you’re taking the right dosage and are taking the correct herbs, you should consult a qualified health practitioner.
In addition to prescription medication, complementary therapies can improve your health and reduce stress. Choosing the right complementary therapy for your condition is a key element of managing your epilepsy.
However, it is important to remember that complementary therapies can interact with effective anti-epileptic drugs. So, it’s best to consult with your doctor before changing your current regimen. This will help you identify any risks and benefits of a particular treatment.
Studies on CBD oil to treat Epilepsy
Researchers have demonstrated that CBD oil may be able to effectively reduce seizure frequency in patients with epilepsy.
The compound has shown promise in a number of clinical trials, including those on a subset of patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome, focal cortical dysplasia, lissencephaly, and brain tumor-related epilepsy. Additionally, it has been found that the use of pharmaceutical-grade purified CBD significantly reduced seizures in febrile-infection-related epilepsy.
One study conducted at the UAB School of Pharmacy found that CBD has a significant effect on seizures. This study included 37 patients, with a median age of 16.1. The patients had various etiologies of their disease, ranging from focal to generalized.
They were followed for an average of 68 weeks, and the average age at onset of epilepsy was 3.8+2.1 years. The median dosage of CBD-based oil was 4.2+11.4 mg/kg. The average amount of CBD-based oil was administered in the treatment of a variety of epilepsy diseases.
The studies were conducted in children and adults and included patients with varying degrees of seizure severity and treatment-resistant epilepsy.
Most patients had low or no response to standard treatments. They required rescue medication, and the average duration of treatment was 68 weeks. The patients had an average age at seizure onset of 3.8+2.1 years. The median CBD-based oil dosage was 4.2+11.4 mg/kg, with an acceptable range between 0.6 to 50 mg/kg.
Research on affects of CBD on Epilepsy
The research on the effects of CBD on epilepsy has been ongoing for over two decades, but the recent breakthroughs may mean a brighter future for patients suffering from seizures.
Despite the fact that conventional antiepileptic drugs are ineffective and have side effects, new research on CBD could offer hope for epilepsy patients. There are several potential benefits of using CBD as an epilepsy treatment, but further studies are needed to confirm these results.
The newest study involves 418 participants, 230 men and 188 women. Of these, 212 patients had epilepsy and were at least 18 years old. Of these, 71 reported using artisanal CBD products. Twenty-nine were caregivers for a dependent adult or child. Ninety-nine participants considered using CBD products to help their child or adult with epilepsy.
In a large, open-label study, Dr. Orrin Devinsky reported on the effects of CBD on 214 children with pharmacoresistant epilepsy. The most common causes of the disease were Lennox-Gastaut (21%) and Dravet syndrome (20%).
Researchers increased the CBD dosage to 50 mg/kg/day. The median monthly frequency of motor seizures decreased from 30.0 to 15.8 over the 12-week treatment period.
Can CBD oil help with epilepsy seizures?
In one study, researchers gave patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet Syndrome an oral CBD solution. The dosage was given twice daily, at a rate of two to five mg/kg.
After several months, the patients’ drop seizures were not statistically significant. These results show that CBD treatment reduces the frequency of seizure activity. It is also known to reduce the risk of serious complications, such as seizures requiring surgery.
The study conducted on two patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy and tuberous sclerosis found that CBD increased seizure frequency by 50%. The dosage was increased to 50 mg/kg twice a day, with the maximum recommended dosage of 100 mg/day. In this study, the median reduction in total weekly seizure frequency was 48.8% after three months of treatment. However, there was no change in the dosage of Epidolex or other antiepileptic drugs.
Epidolex is an antiepileptic drug that is prescribed to treat epilepsy in children. Its effectiveness in reducing seizures can be increased if the dosage is increased to five or ten mg/kg twice a day. However, abruptly stopping CBD oil may cause seizure activity.
It can also interact with other antiepileptic drugs, such as clobazam, and may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts or behaviors. The use of CBD oil is not recommended for individuals with severe or complex seizures.
How Does CBD Oil Reduce Epileptic Seizures?
CBD’s effect on epilepsy is not fully understood, but it is believed to modify the functions of the endocannabinoid system. Some studies suggest that CBD may act on receptors in the endocannabinoid tissue to lower the excitability of neuronal activity. The drug is known to interact with TRPV1 and GPR55 receptors.
While the debate over the benefits of cannabinoids in treating pediatric epilepsy has been raging for decades, there is a real science behind it.
A recent open-label intervention trial published in the Journal of Epilepsy Research found that CBD significantly reduced the frequency of seizures, regardless of their cause. This means that CBD can be used as a safe, effective treatment for patients with the disease.
Researchers studied people suffering from Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. They prescribed a CBD dosage of two to five milligrams per kg per day, and increased the dosage to twenty to fifty milligrams per day.
In the study, the researchers noted that patients with treatment-resistant epilepsy usually experience a “honeymoon” period in which they stop feeling the effects of their therapy after a few months. This same pattern was found with CBD treatment.
Medical cannabis for epilepsy in the UK
The UK government has approved the use of medical cannabis to treat severe cases of epilepsy. The medicine is being manufactured by GW Pharmaceuticals, a Cambridge-based company.
It has received the green light from the European Medicines Agency and the British Paediatric Neurology Association. It is also approved to treat seizures caused by two rare forms of epilepsy, Dravet syndrome and atypical partial epilepsy.
However, cannabis-based medicines remain banned for the vast majority of children and adults with epilepsy.
Despite the legal status of medical cannabis, there is a fierce debate among experts and campaigners about the need for high-quality clinical evidence. The underlying issues are the lack of international research and anecdotal reports. The NHS would only approve a treatment based on the gold standard of RCT evidence.
Until then, patients in the UK may never be able to access cannabis-based medicines. While these medicines are currently unlicensed, they may be prescribed by a specialist on a case-by-case basis. While they are currently unavailable for everyone, people with severe epilepsy could be enrolled in trials and potentially be treated with them. The costs of these medicines would be prohibitive to the NHS.
What is medical cannabis?
Medical cannabis is a legal drug that is produced from the marijuana plant and contains a variety of active cannabinoids and terpenes. In the United States, you can legally obtain medical cannabis, with the permission of a licensed health care practitioner.
Some people take tetrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive cannabinoid found in the marijuana plant. It produces a euphoric effect and can be used to treat a number of ailments.
Other cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that has a low affinity for CB1 and CB2 receptors, but appears to enhance the effects of endogenous cannabinoids produced by the body.
There are a few limitations to medical cannabis, however. While the evidence surrounding it is largely anecdotal, there are studies underway internationally to determine whether cannabis has beneficial effects for certain conditions.
One such study was conducted in Israel, and CBD was found to have more anti-anxiety effects than THCa. Currently, there are no clinical trials in the US comparing medical cannabis to placebo or other pharmaceuticals, but these studies are underway.
The legality of cannabis in Canada is an issue for many people. It is still controversial in the United States, but the Canadian government has set guidelines for the use of cannabis as a medicine.
While research is ongoing, the legality of cannabis in the United States is relatively stable. In Canada, you must be at least 18 years old to purchase medical cannabis. You should also consult with your health care provider about your specific condition and dosage.
Cannabis prescriptions to treat epilepsy in the UK?
The legality of cannabis-based medicines for treating epilepsy has remained a stumbling block for many patients in the UK.
Despite years of debate, the UK regulatory system has refused to accept any evidence based on cannabis as a treatment for severe cases of epilepsy. But that is changing. Despite its illegality, doctors can now prescribe a CBD or THC-based medicine for children with epilepsy.
A new government policy has opened the door for doctors to prescribe cannabis-based medicines in the UK. It was only last year that a special type of doctor was able to prescribe this medication to a child with Dravet syndrome.
Now, a specialist can legally prescribe the cannabis-based medicine Epidyolex to those who have a severe form of epilepsy. This is a big step forward, as it means more people can access this drug.
Although the government has rescheduled cannabis-based medicines in the UK, it has not yet ruled out their use. The new law allows for specialist doctors to prescribe them for people with severe and treatment-resistant epilepsies.
In November, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) published final guidance on prescribing cannabis-based medicines in the NHS. The guidelines will replace interim guidance published by the British Paediatric Neurology Association and the Association of British Neurologists.
Can people with other types of epilepsy get a prescription for Epidyolex?
While Epidyolex is not approved for use in people with other forms of epilepsy, it is approved for use in patients with DS or LGS.
Although the drug is not available for all people with epilepsy, doctors and charities have recommended its use as a treatment for some of these patients. This is because it is costly and it is not always effective, but it reduces the frequency of seizures by 30% or more in those with Dravet’s Syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome.
The FDA has approved Epidyolex for people with Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.
The drug is a prescription treatment for these patients with at least 50% seizure frequency. This medication is also approved for use in adults. However, it is not approved for children under the age of one year.
While the FDA approves Epidiolex as a treatment for Dravet Syndrome, the SMC has not yet approved it for other forms of epilepsy. This is because the drug is not available for children with Dravet syndrome. While the drug is widely prescribed for these other types of epilepsy, it is not approved for patients with lennox-Gastaut syndrome or other forms of epilepsy.
Cannabis Medicines and CBD products are not the same
While the FDA does not recognize the use of cannabis for medical purposes, there are several drugs containing cannabinoids, such as CBD.
For example, Epidiolex contains a purified form of CBD, which is approved for the treatment of seizures in people with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. Other drugs containing cannabinoids include Syndros and Marinol, which contain synthetic THC and CBD. Cesamet is a non-intoxicating form of nabilone, while Syndros is used to treat nausea caused by cancer chemotherapy.
There are two types of marijuana oils. CBD oil and THC vape oil. Unlike CBD, THC vape oils are not psychoactive and can be taken for pain relief without triggering a high.
Neither of these products is a substitute for medication or should be used for the same purpose. In addition, cannabis-based CBD oils are not legal in every state. You should talk to your doctor before using them.
While both THC and CBD are extracted from the cannabis plant, they are not the same. While both are derived from the same cannabis plant, CBD is not psychoactive.
However, if you are unsure of what type of product you want, you should first consult your physician. If you are currently taking other medications, you should discuss whether they are safe for you. The most common products are CBD oil and Marinol.
Does medical cannabis cause side-effects?
The main concern of clinicians regarding the use of medical cannabis is the potential for dependency.
Chronic use of marijuana has been associated with the exacerbation of cardiovascular disease and the precipitation of psychotic disorders, among other complications.
Moreover, the effects of cannabis on the liver have been attributed to the treatment of alcoholics and other drug abusers. However, the dangers of addiction are relatively minimal, mainly due to the low doses used for medicinal purposes.
Some side-effects are temporary, albeit rare. High-THC doses can result in a variety of undesirable effects. To minimize these unwanted side-effects, it’s recommended that patients with heart conditions avoid medical marijuana.
Although there are some known side-effects associated with medical cannabis, they are mild. Most are temporary and can be avoided by drinking water before taking it and staying hydrated while the effects take effect.
Another common side effect of medical cannabis is short-term memory loss. B vitamins and Omega-3 fatty acids are known to reduce short-term memory loss. For pregnant women, it is not advisable to use medical marijuana while breastfeeding.
Are there any risks or side effects using CBD for Epilepsy?
While CBD does not appear to have any adverse side effects, it is not a suitable replacement for traditional medications for epilepsy. If you are currently taking a prescription medication, you should not take CBD.
However, it may help you to adjust your dosage if your symptoms become worse. In addition, some studies suggest that cannabis products containing CBD are more effective than pure CBD.
There is also a need for more research before the benefits of CBD for epilepsy can be confirmed. In a study published in 2020, patients taking a commercially available CBD product experienced a 70% increase in seizures, while patients taking prescription CBD had a 39% decrease.
You should discuss the possible risks and side effects of CBD with your doctor before starting a CBD regimen. Consult a pharmacist or doctor for advice on the right dose and dosage duration. Your pharmacist can also advise you on potential drug interactions.
It’s important to talk to your pharmacist or physician before taking any CBD-containing products. These professionals can also help you monitor your seizures and track any changes.
Researchers have found that CBD increases the levels of anti-epileptic drugs in children. This could cause toxicities and lead to over-sedation, which could increase the risk of seizures.
This has led to increased seizures in children who used CBD without guidance from a doctor. Since Epidiolex is a Schedule I drug, your physician may not prescribe it. If your child is currently taking an anti-epileptic drug, it is important to talk with your doctor before making any changes.
What are Epilepsy Action doing about medical cannabis for epilepsy?
The National Institute for Health Research and NHS England should act on the recommendations of the recent report by the Royal College of Neurologists.
The use of cannabis-based products is a promising treatment for epilepsy, but more research is needed before it can be recommended to patients. Trials are underway for different medical products containing THC, and they need to involve as many patients as possible.
The UK is currently facing a bleak future when it comes to accessing medicines for epilepsy. Despite the numerous benefits of medical cannabis, the government has made it extremely difficult for people with epilepsy to access them.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has recently recommended that all prescriptions for cannabis-based medicines be withdrawn, and that the NHS conduct a study on the drug.
The NHS has urged the Department of Health to review the barriers to accessing cannabis-based medicines. The report has recommended that the NHS study the benefits and drawbacks of using cannabis-based medicines.
However, NICE has not yet recommended it for severe epilepsy. The report has not yet been released. But, this is an important first step. As a campaigner for medical cannabis, Epilepsy Action is hopeful that more trials will follow.