If growing your own marijuana is daunting at first glance, fear not! Like most long-term endeavors, it's achievable with the right research and execution. Whether you're a first-timer or someone who's grown a handful of yields, master the basics to get great results consistently.
Cannabis is renowned for its resiliency, thriving under conditions where most plants would typically wilt. However, despite its toughness, you'll still need to care for the plant during its growth cycle adequately.
Having foundational knowledge is critical, as being unprepared could result in dead plants. A poor yield equates to wasted time and money down the drain. Below, we'll discuss and answer the typical questions surrounded on how to grow weed. These include watering solutions, plant deficiency signs, growth mediums, and more.
Indoor vs. Outdoors
Cannabis can be grown indoors or outdoors, each offering unique benefits. An indoor setup grants users complete control throughout each development stage. Basically put, you'll know how much light and water the product receives daily. However, indoor growers are entirely responsible for the plant's survival, presenting an unwanted burden for some.
For outdoor growers, there lies a great deal of emphasis on the weather. Depending on your area will determine levels of rainfall and sunlight. A more cost-effective option, you're relying on nature to do the majority of the work. One drawback of outdoor growth is a lack of privacy, making your plants susceptible to theft and animals running through them. Outdoor crops also need a more extended gestation period, as most strains can only be produced once yearly.
Like any plant, Cannabis requires sufficient water intake. But how much and how often? Although water frequency may appear inconsequential, getting it right ensures a great product. A rule of thumb is to use one gallon of water daily for every pound of processed flower you're expected to harvest. Another way to know your plants need water is when the soil’s or growing medium’s top has become dry. The majority of growing issues occur due to improper watering, so be mindful.
Identifying Plant Deficiencies
Your watering routine varies depending on your growth area, along with your plant's size, condition, and strain. For watering frequency, you will need to be intuitive and observe your plants. If your plants have a droopy look, where their leaves curl down, it's a sign you're overwatering them. Overwatering leads to leaves turning yellow, especially with younger plants and seedlings. If leaves appear paper-thin and easily tear, they'll need more water. Continuously underwatering causes leaves to turn yellow and become nutrient deficient.
Choosing Your Growing Medium
Growing your plant in a pot with soil is only a single method. A growth medium is the substance your cannabis' roots will grow in, so correctly choosing is essential. These substances include soil, perlite, coco coir, vermiculite, and more. However, the three fundamentals are soil, soilless, and hydroponics. But is one more advantageous than the other? Below is a quick breakdown of each growth medium.
Soil is perhaps the most popular growing medium for Cannabis among growers, especially first-timers. User-friendly and widely accessible, soil is also a natural alternative. The soil's effectiveness requires additional nutrients, which are purchasable nationwide. These nutrients are absorbed primarily during your plant's initial growth.
Soilless mix is practically anything apart from soil. Great choices include coco coir, perlite, peat moss, vermiculite and rockwool. Similar to cannabis grown in soil, it needs to be taken care of the same way. Expect larger yields and faster growths than regular soil, as plants receive all their nutrients through water intake.
Hydroponics is when your marijuana's roots sit in water. The most commonly used style is Deep Water Culture, which can accommodate bigger plants. When combined with HID/LEC/LED, expect to see the fastest growth along with the most significant yields. However, setting up a hydroponics system can be pricey. This unnatural growth option also requires a great deal of human-intervention and monitoring.
Choosing Your Nutrients
If you've acquired or already have ordinary soil, further cannabis nutrients are required to ensure successful growth. Begin by adding nutrients once your plants reach their budding stage, as marijuana needs a substantial amount. Your plants would have already absorbed the majority of nutrients by the time budding occurs.
For macronutrients, you'll need magnesium, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur and calcium. Micronutrients are also necessary, but just in smaller quantities, which include: manganese, boron, iron, molybdenum, copper, chlorine, silicon, and zinc.
Hydroponic and Soilless
For anything soilless, you'll need nutrients specific to your hydroponic. When cultivating cannabis, these nutrients have concentrated mineral salts, usually as a powder or liquid. As mentioned prior, constant monitoring is required as damage or overfeeding can destroy your plant. We recommend using 25% of your bought nutrient product to start with. You can then slowly increase the strength percentage to its maximum through small increments.